India will host the Asian Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in November 2016. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is said to have started preparing for the Conference in right earnest as it will be attended by a number of international bodies including those associated with the UN. According to preliminary estimates, the Conference will cost Rs 24 crores.
The Conference idea originated from the Sendai Agreement signed in Japan in March 2015 by as many as 187 countries. The Agreement focuses on reducing the loss of life, infrastructure, etc in the next 15 yrs through a coordinated global co-operation in managing the increasing incidences of disaster arising by global warming and accompanying climate changes.
The Sendai Agreement is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda. It is a far reaching new framework for disaster risk reduction with seven targets and four priorities for action. The seven global targets set by the framework include a substantial reduction in numbers of affected people; a reduction in economic losses in relation to global GDP; substantial reduction in disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, including health and education facilities; an increase in the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020; enhanced international cooperation; and increased access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments.