The political executive has been as wilfully and blatantly flouting a 2006 SC directive to state governments to fix a two-year tenure for field officers (station house officer and above) as its direction on police reforms.
Records of the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) for 2013 show that about 80 per cent of SPs in districts across the country were transferred within two years of their tenure in district. More than 50 per cent were transferred in less than a year.
BPR&D records reveal that a total of 349 SPs across the country were transferred within one year, while 163 had to demit office in less than two years. There are 651 districts across 29 states and six union territories in the country. Each district is headed by a superintendent of police (SP) for maintenance of law and order.
In 2012, 221 SPs were transferred within the first year of tenure, while 173 SPs had to take up a new assignment in less than two years.
According to the data, Uttar Pradesh has been the worst offender in terms of transferring officers before their two-year tenure is complete. In 2012, the state with 72 districts, transferred 76 SPs in less than one year of their tenure and 25 in less than two years. In 2013, it transferred 165 SPs in less than one year and 21 in less than two years.
The data shows that in 2013, 114 range DIGs faced transfer within a year of their tenure. As many as 48 officers were transferred within two years.
Haryana, where SP Sangeeta Kalia was transferred, saw 11 SPs transferred in less than one year in 2013. In 2012, the state with 21 districts transferred 15 SPs in less than one year.
Other states which have recorded high number of such transfers include Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.